How unusually located can a distal tip of a VP shunt be?




Hepatic pseudocyst, Intrahepatic pseudocyst, VP shunt, Ventriculoperitoneal shunt


The clinical image is a computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen in the coronal (A), sagittal (B) and axial (C) incidences. We observe an intrahepatic (segment VII) CSF containing cyst along with the VP shunt distal tip. A 12-year-old male patient underwent a VP shunt due to hydrocephalus from tumoral etiology (craniopharyngioma). The patient had already had the shunt for 7 months when he started with severe abdominal pain on the right flank. An abdominal CT scan disclosed this rare finding. He underwent surgery to revise the shunt with repositioned towards inferior left quadrant of the abdomen. CSF analysis showed that there were no signs of infection. The patient did well without further complications. We reviewed the medical literature worldwide and found only 13 reports of intrahepatic CSF pseudocysts [1-5].


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1. Arsanious D, Sribnick E. Intrahepatic Cerebrospinal Fluid Pseudocyst: A Case Report and Systematic Review. World Neurosurg. 2019 May;125:111-116. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2019.01.150. Epub 2019 Feb 2. PMID: 30721775.

2. Dabdoub CB, Fontoura EA, Santos EA, Romero PC, Diniz CA. Hepatic cerebrospinal fluid pseudocyst: A rare complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt. Surg Neurol Int. 2013 Dec 27;4:162. doi: 10.4103/2152-7806.123783. PMID: 24523999; PMCID: PMC3908696.

3. Banka S, Johnson K, Sgouros S. Liver cyst caused by the peritoneal catheter of a cerebrospinal fluid shunt. Pediatr Neurosurg. 2007;43(4):343-4. doi: 10.1159/000103320. PMID: 17627156.

4. Kumar MM, Jeyabalachandran M, Sekar S. Intrahepatic cyst-a complication of ventriculoperitoneal shunt. J Indian Med Assoc 1995;93:403.

5. Rana SR, Quivers ES, Haddy TB. Hepatic cyst associated with ventriculo-peritoneal shunt in a child with bra tumor. Child’s Nerv Syst 1985;1:349–51.

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Pereira Eismann MR, Sousa DS, Crestani LN, Kondageski C. How unusually located can a distal tip of a VP shunt be?. Arch Pediatr Neurosurg [Internet]. 2021 Aug. 5 [cited 2024 May 24];5(1):e1052021. Available from:

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