Twenty Year review of a Single Surgeon's Experience for craniosynostosis surgery

Authors

  • Ricardo Santos de Oliveira Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0390-5553

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46900/apn.v5i1.182

Keywords:

craniosynostosis, craniofacial, pediatric neurosurgery, skull deformity, genetics

Abstract

Introduction: Nonsyndromic craniosynostosis (NC) is more commonly encountered than syndromic cases in pediatric craniofacial surgery. Affected children display characteristic phenotypes according to the suture or sutures involved. This study aims to report a single surgeon experience with surgery for primary craniosynostosis correction.

Methods: A retrospective review was carried out including all cases performed by the same surgeon between 2001 and 2021. The clinical data of 356 patients (371 surgeries) with primary craniosynostosis that have undergone surgery were retrospectively analyzed.

Results: There were 232 (65.1%) males and 124 (34.9%) females, with most of the male preponderance occurring due to the trigonocephaly (86%) and scaphocephaly (84.5%) groups. A female predominance was observed only in brachycephaly group (64.8%). There was a statistically significant male predominance between non-syndromic versus syndromic cases (p=0.0001). The most frequent forms in non-syndromic forms were scaphocephaly in 136 (51.5%), trigonocephaly in 48 (18.1%), anterior plagiocephaly in 47 (17.8%), and brachycephaly in 35 (13.2%). A named syndrome was present in 57 (16%). Genetic syndromes presented more commonly than expected with bilateral synostosis, the Kleeblattschadel deformity, and multiple suture synostosis (p=0.001). Complications were observed in 15 (4.2%). Intraoperative hemorrhage and CSF leakage were the most common ones. Morbidity was significantly associated with monobloc fronto-facial advancement. The mean follow-up was 3.7 years (9 months to 22 years). Morphological results in NC were classified in category I in 210 (70.2%), II in 82 (27.9%), and III in 7 (1.9%) cases for NC.

Conclusions: Non-syndromic craniosynostosis can be corrected with good outcomes and relatively low morbidity and mortality. For syndromic cases a multidisciplinary team is fundamental to archieve satisfactory results.

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Author Biography

Ricardo Santos de Oliveira, Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brasil

Departamento de Cirurgia e Anatomia, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, Brasil

Additional Files

Published

2023-01-09

How to Cite

1.
de Oliveira RS. Twenty Year review of a Single Surgeon’s Experience for craniosynostosis surgery. Arch Pediatr Neurosurg [Internet]. 2023 Jan. 9 [cited 2024 May 24];5(1):e1822022. Available from: https://archpedneurosurg.com.br/sbnped2019/article/view/182

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