Twenty Year review for Craniofacial Distraction in syndromic craniosynostosis




craniosynostosis, syndromic craniosynostosis, craniofacial surgery, pediatric neurosurgery, cranial deformity


Introduction: Craniosynostosis are cranial deformities resulting from the early closure of one or more sutures. Concomitant facial changes usually result from the involvement of multiple sutures, which may lead to restriction of cranial growth and brain expansion, ocular compression, and breathing difficulties. The distraction osteogenesis (DO)for frontofacial or posterior advancement have increased the safety of the procedure. The aim of this study was a critical evaluation of the use of DO in the surgical treatment of syndromic craniosynostoses, based on the experience of a single craniofacial team.

Methods: Retrospective review of third six patients operated from 2003 to 2022 by the same craniofacial team.

Results: 19  boys and 17 girls were operated, all with rigid distractors. Twenty-nine of them underwent monobloc frontofacial advancement.  In seven patient a Le-Fort III/subcranial advancement was performed. A posterior craniofacial advancement was performed in 5. In 11 a fronto-orbital advancement was done in the first year of life. The mean age was 6.0 years (range, 6 months to 13 years). All patients presented with some degree of exorbitism,  upper airway obstruction and signs of intracranial hypertension. Cerebrospinal fluid leakage was the most frequent complication (9 cases), pterygomaxillary disjunction was revised in 8, lateral rim orbital fracture in 3 cases, and 3 complication related to the device.

Conclusions: The evolution of surgical techniques allowed DO with rigid distractors to be an important tool for treating the craniofacial issues related to syndromic craniosynostoses. The multidisciplinary team's learning curve is critical to reducing complications associated with osteogenic distraction.


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Author Biography

Ricardo Santos de Oliveira

Division of Neurosurgery, Department of Surgery and Anatomy, Ribeirao Preto Medical School, University of Sao Paulo, Brazil

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How to Cite

de Oliveira RS, Ballestero M, Marques-Netto PB, Andó A. Twenty Year review for Craniofacial Distraction in syndromic craniosynostosis. Arch Pediatr Neurosurg [Internet]. 2023 May 16 [cited 2024 May 23];5(2):e1792023. Available from:

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