Phrenic nerve neurotization using the spinal accessory nerve for diaphragmatic palsy in extensive high spinal cord injury secondary to idiopathic acute transverse myelitis
Keywords:Phrenic nerve, Spinal accessory nerve, Neurotization, Diaphragmatic palsy
The authors present a case of functional improvement of diaphragmatic paralysis in extensive high spinal cord injury, performing a neurotization of the phrenic nerve with the spinal accessory nerve. A C2-C5 injury of the spinal cord was diagnosed in a 15 years old female, secondary to idiopathic acute transverse myelitis. The patient did not have automatic respiration at the time of mechanical ventilation removal; moreover, she presented ventilatory distress. The neurotization of the left phrenic nerve with left spinal accessory nerve was performed 3 months after the injury, at six months after surgery she showed mobilization of the left hemidiaphragm and reached mechanical ventilation independence.
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Copyright (c) 2020 Antonio Heredia, Maria Eugenia Carbarin Carbarin, Samuel Torres García, Fernando Chico Ponce de Leon
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